In 2001 John Kania and Mark Kramer published this article in the Stanford Social Innovation Review. In the article they outlined five key elements in a collective impact initiative:
- A common social agenda
- A shared measurement framework
- A shared plan of action for mutually reinforcing activities
- Open communication fostering genuine collaboration
- A backbone organisation with the skills and resources to keep everyone on track.
Resource: Collective Impact: Stanford Social Innovation Review Winter 2001